NEET Biology Syllabus and Important Topics


NEET Biology syllabus 2022 contains subjects like Biology class 11 and class 12 syllabus. The syllabus for NEET Biology is recommended by the National Medical Commission (NMC). All the aspiring candidates must prepare the syllabus to excel in the examination and give their best.

Knowing NEET Biology important topics, the complete syllabus, and the weightage of those topics in the question paper help the aspiring students get a clear idea on how to prepare and understand the importance of topics in the examination.

This article will give students a clear idea of the syllabus, important topics and the weightage they carry in the exam.

NEET Biology Exam Pattern

The exam pattern for NEET Biology was revised last year. In the revised pattern, the question paper is divided into two subjects: Botany and Zoology, and each subject is divided into two sections: section A and section B. Section A consists of 35 questions and section B contains 15 questions.

The exam is conducted in offline mode. The aspirant candidates have to attempt a total of 90 questions of their own choice. All the questions have to be completed in three hours; the total marks of 360 do not change.

The table below highlights the important aspects of NEET Biology:

Mode of the ExamOffline
Total Marks360
Total number of QuestionsBotany: 35 15, Zoology: 35 15
Language/MediumEnglish, Hindi, Odia, Punjabi, Assamese, Urdu, Bengali, Kannada, Gujarati, Malayalam, Marathi, Tamil, and Telugu.
Marking Scheme4 for each correct answer, -1 for incorrect answer

The table below highlights the details of the exam pattern of the NEET Biology 2022 examination:

Duration3 hours
Exam ModeOffline/Written Test
Total Marks360
Sectional MarksZoology – Section A: 140 Marks; Section B: 40 Marks

Botany – Section A: 140 Marks; Section B: 40 Marks

Languages11 Languages
Question TypeMultiple Choice Questions
Marks Distribution( 4) for marking a correct answer, (-1) for marking an incorrect answer
Total Options4

NEET Biology: Language Options

The NEET Biology exam can be written in eleven languages. Below is the table which lists all the languages and the exam centres:

Language/ Medium of ExaminationExam Centre
EnglishAll exam cities/centres
TamilAvailable in exam centres in TamilNadu
KannadaAvailable in exam centres in Karnataka
GujaratiAvailable in exam centres in Gujarat, Dadra, Daman and Nagar Haveli
MarathiAvailable in exam centres in Maharashtra
AssameseAvailable in exam centres in Assam
HindiAll exam centres
TeluguAvailable in exam centres in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
OriyaAvailable in exam centres in Orissa
English and UrduAll exam centres
BengaliAvailable in exam centres in West Bengal
PunjabiAll centres in Punjab
MalayalamAll centres in Kerala

NEET Biology Marking Scheme

To prepare for the syllabus of the NEET Biology exam, one must be familiar with the marking scheme of the questions. There is negative marking for incorrect questions.

As per the recent NEET Biology 2022 exam pattern, 4 marks are given for the correct answers, and 1 mark is deducted for the incorrect answers.

Candidates have to fill the OMR sheet very carefully because one unintentional mistake can lead to negative marking. Remember, filling more than one option in the OMR sheet can also lead to negative marking.

If any of the questions are not attempted, then no marks are deducted. The table below highlights the important aspects of the marking scheme:

SubjectTotal MarksTotal Number of questionsMarking Scheme
BotanySection A: 140Section A: 35
  • 4 marks for correct response
  • -1 mark for incorrect response
  • Section B will have internal choices.
Section B: 40Section B: 15
ZoologySection A: 140Section A: 35
Section B: 40Section B: 15

Important Topics for NEET Biology Exam

This is the necessary section for any aspiring student who is taking the NEET Biology exam. Knowing the important topics and their weightage in the question paper help the students get a stronghold on their practice.

It becomes easy to manage the time and divide it appropriately from the most important topics to the least important ones.

Zoology and Botany are the two interesting subjects in NEET Biology 2022. Zoology deals with animal biology, including structures, habits, classification, embryology and distribution of living and extinct animals.

Botany is an important part of the Science of Plantlife and NEET Biology; it is also known as Phytology and Plant Science. This subject is concerned with the study of Algae and Fungi.

The list below puts forth the important topics subject wise.

For Botany:

  • Plant Reproduction
  • Genetics
  • Ecology
  • Biomolecules
  • Plant Physiology
  • Biology in Human Welfare
  • Cell Division and Cell Biology
  • Plant Anatomy
  • Plant Morphology

For Zoology:

  • Evolution
  • Animal Husbandry
  • Human Reproduction
  • Animal Diversity
  • Human Health and Disease
  • Human Physiology
  • Animal Tissue

Important Topics Weightage

Each topic in NEET Biology has a different weightage in the question paper. Aspiring students can refer to the tables below to have a clear idea of the weightage of different topics, subject wise:

For Botany:

Class 11thNumber of questionsClass 12thNumber of questions
Living World1Reproduction in Organisms1
Biological Classification3Reproduction in Flowering Plants4
Plant Kingdom3Inheritance and Variation5
Morphology of Flowering Plants5Molecular Basis of Inheritance5
Anatomy of Flowering Plants2Microbes2
Cell3Enhancement Strategies for Food Production1
Cell Cycle1Organisms and Populations2
Transport in Plants8Ecosystem3
Mineral NutritionBiodiversity and Conservation2
Photosynthesis in Higher PlantsEnvironmental Issues2
Respiration in Plants
Plant Growth and Development

For Zoology:

Class 11thNumber of questionsClass 12thNumber of questions
Animal Kingdom2Human Reproduction3
Structural Organisation in Animals2Reproductive Health1
Digestion and Absorption18Evolution3
Breathing and Exchange of GasesHuman Health and Disease2
Body Fluids and CirculationBiomolecules1
Excretory Products and their EliminationBiotechnology Principles and Process2
Locomotion and MovementBiotechnology, its Application2
Neural Control and Coordination
Chemical Coordination And Integration


Once the technicalities for the NEET Biology exam patterns, important topics and their weightage in the question paper is clear to the students, a well-defined plan could be made for stronger preparation for the NEET Biology examination.

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