Is it possible to make a smart building smarter with the use of various modern-day technologies? The answer is yes. It is very much possible and some encouraging beginnings have already been made in this area.
There is no doubt that the concept of smart buildings is no longer restricted to movies and television shows. It is very much a part of our daily lives. Whether it is road flares or other such basic things or other complex things, technology certainly is beginning to make its impact quite strongly.
When we talk about a smart building, we often define it as a building or a structure that depends on various automated processes to manage and control a majority of operations. These could include lighting, HVAC, and security amongst a host of other functions on a daily basis.
These operations are completed with the help of a fully integrated and automated networks made up of actuators, sensors, and microchips. These devices constantly generate raw data and the same can easily be converted into key insights.
They are then used for making a regular and continuous improvement that could lead to the overall efficiency and cost containment.
Let us now have a look at the various technologies that could help in making smart buildings even smarter.
1. IoT – Internet of Things
The IoT or Internet of Things is perhaps the most widespread and most important technology as far as smart buildings are concerned. They use a common IP or Internet Protocol platform. This is used for connecting multiple devices and these include microchips and sensors.
They help in exchanging as well as analyzing information. This helps in optimizing the control of each device in an automated fashion.
2. AI & Machine Learning
AI along with IoT is becoming hugely popular and it is becoming the most common thing over the past few years. However, there are still many people who do not have the right understanding of AI and IoT.
AI is a time tested and proven technology that helps software or machines to mimic human intelligence and behavior. It is capable of applying knowledge and put to use wherever required based on specific instructions.
AI is becoming extensively used in smart buildings. It can be easily integrated with various devices and sensors.
3. Building Automation
The role of technology in building automation is becoming extremely important. This is because of a number of reasons. It helps in developing a centralized control of the various facilities and amenities of buildings. These could be in the areas of lighting, HVAC, security and other such systems.
The good thing is that these systems are compatible with various IoT solutions. Further, they also have the capability of controlling and monitoring various important factors and these include lighting systems, security apparatuses and systems, and various other such systems.
Building Automation is a happening thing and it is controlled either through BAS or BMS (Building Automation System and Building Management System). These are centralized mobile as well as digital hubs that control the entire automation process.
Further, they are compatible with all standard IoT solutions. They also help in controlling and monitoring important factors such as humidity, temperature, water pressure, electricity, and other such things.
4. Aerial Drones
Drones are becoming quite common in various applications. They are used just for taking photographs or for delivering packages. They also come in handy when they are used in smart building solutions.
They help in designing the right space in a home or even for a retail space amongst other such things. These drones are also capable of replacing various mundane and time-consuming tasks and may help in making better use of employees and make them more productive.
They are also known as unmanned aerial vehicles and they can be operated remotely. They can be combined with AI and therefore can also be operated autonomously.
5. Building Information Modeling
BIM also known as Building Information Modeling is another intelligent and useful 3D model-based technology. It helps to record various functional & physical characteristics of a facility and also displays the same for the benefit of end-users.
Historically also, BIM has been used by AEC professionals (Architecture, Engineering & Construction). However, it has recently become widespread as far as the facilities management context is concerned.
To conclude, there is no doubt that new technologies are redefining the way in which smart buildings can become even smarter. They offer all-around benefits ranging from better facilities for homeowners and also improve safety and security and a host of other things also.